Types of Pearls:
South Sea Pearls
It is considered to be the most expensive type of pearls due to the time required in cultivating this type of pearl. South Sea pearls can be found in Myanmar, Australia and Indonesia. This pearl is perfect for classic pieces of jewelry combined with gold and silver. It has limited color selection because Pinctada Maxima is the only source, it can only produce limited colors unlike with other pearl producing shells. White, Silver, and gold are the only colors you can choose from if you choose to buy this type of pearls. But this rare type of pearls can give you glow as you wear it as an accessory.
Fresh water pearls are the easiest to cultivate compared to South Sea pearls. There is also a great deal of difference when it comes to price. Fresh water pearls are luminous and perfectly round type of pearls. However, they are the cheapest type of pearl. This irony was due to the mass production of freshwater pearls by the Chinese. They believed that cultivating shells to produce pearls twice faster than the normal cultivation practices, will help them produce more pearls and gain revenue. And they were right, they produced more pearls than other countries however it caused the value to decrease as it became common.
Here is another expensive and rarest type of pearl, the Tahitian pearls. The Black Lipped oysters are the only ones who can produce this type of pearls thus making them very rare. The Black Lipped oysters can be found in the waters of French Polynesia. They can produce big black pearls, thanks to their size. They are big type of oysters compared to others. Their sizes range from 8 mm to about 25 mm in diameter.
Black pearls are the most common Tahitian pearls you can find in the market today but they can also produce other beautiful colors such as silver, gray, yellow, bronze, gray, pink and green over tone and other colors.
Black Lipped oysters faced a near extinction in 1950’s when it became well-known for its pearls. To prevent their extinction, their species were scattered in different countries where they could survive.
For decades now, Japan has been successful in cultivating high quality Akoya pearls. Pinctada Fucatada are responsible for producing Akoya pearls. They can produce 2 to 10 mm pearls, which has been the standards of quality pearls jewelry makers. Akoya pearls has the cleanest surface quality and has the highest luster compared to other pearls. The price is perfect for its value.